- 2018: Physics Nobel prize
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has selected three scientists Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Mourou (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada) for the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics. They were selected for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics.
- First assembly of the International Solar Alliance
The Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi, inaugurated the first Assembly of the International Solar Alliance at Vigyan Bhawan. The same event also marked the inauguration of the second IORA Renewable Energy Ministerial Meeting, and the 2nd Global RE-Invest (Renewable Energy Investors’ Meet and Expo).
- WHO launches first global guidelines on sanitation, health
By adopting WHO’s new guidelines, countries can significantly reduce the 829, 000 annual diarrhoeal deaths due to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene. For every US $1 invested in sanitation, WHO estimates a nearly six-fold return as measured by lower health costs, increased productivity and fewer premature deaths.
- World’s largest dome inaugurated in Pune
Vice President Venkaiah Naidu has inaugurated world largest dome in MIT World Peace University in Pune. All the statues in the dome are made by 93 year old famous sculpture Ram V Sutir. The dome can house over a thousand people together and has spititual symbols of all religions in the world.
- International Day of Non-Violence: October 2
The International Day of Non-violence is celebrated every year on 2 October throughout world on birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of Indian independence movement and also pioneer of philosophy of non-violence (ahimsa). Observance of this day seeks to promote principles of non-violence.
- BSE: 1st stock exchange to launch commodity derivative
BSE has launched gold and silver derivative contracts and has applied for the launch of crude oil and copper contracts with Sebi. The stock exhange will subsequently launch more agri commodities. Till date, commodity contracts are available only on MCX and NCDEX, the two specialised commodity derivatives exchanges in the country.
- James Allison, Tasuku Honjo win Nobel Prize
The 2018 Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine was awarded to American and Japanese immunologist James P Allison and Tasuku Honzo for their discovery of “cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”. This year’s Nobel prize constitutes a landmark in our fight against cancer.
- World Habitat Day observed on October 1
This year it was observed on 1 October 2018 with theme ‘Municipal Solid Waste Management’. The purpose of day is to reflect on state of cities and towns and basic human right to adequate shelter. It also aims to remind world of its collective responsibility for habitat of future generations.
- International Day of Older Persons: October 1
The International Day of Older Persons (IDOP) is observed every year on October 1 to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly and to appreciate contributions that older people make to society. It also seeks to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse.
- Country’s 1st AICTE Training and Learning Academy
All India Council for Technical Education will establish country’s first AICTE Training and Learning (ATAL) Academy in Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan. Moreover, tree more ATAL academies will come at Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), Guwahati (Assam) and Baroda (Gujarat) by next year.
- International Translation Day: September 30
The second International Translation Day was observed by United Nations on 30 September 2018. Observance of this day seeks to recognize contribution of unsung heroes behind international diplomacy who work as language professionals to facilitate dialogue and contribute to development and strengthens world peace and security.
- Chemistry Nobel laureates: 2018
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold and the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter.
- Nobel Peace Prize: 2018
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 has been awarded to Congolese gynaecologist Dr. Denis Mukwege and Yazidi human rights activist Nadia Murad for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. They are awarded the Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.
- In a 1st, Hassan’s Veterinary College surgeons treat python
first python brought to the clinic complex in the college since it was started in 2007. With fractures in its abdomen and skull, the nine-year-old reptile was treated in the hospital. The 3 m long Indian rock python was spotted swallowing a sambar deer calf at Bhaktharavalli in Chikkamagaluru taluk .
- Alphonso Mango gets Geographical Indication tag
The Alphonso mango from Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and other adjoining areas in Maharashtra have been accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag. The first product to get a GI tag in India was Darjeeling tea in 2004.
- First moon outside our solar system discovered
Astronomers have pinpointed what appears to be the first moon detected outside our solar system, a large gaseous world the size of Neptune that is unlike any other known moon and orbits a gas planet much more massive than Jupiter.
- PM Modi receives UN’s ‘Champions of the Earth Award
Prime Minister Narendra Modi received the United Nation’s highest environmental honour, the ‘Champions of the Earth Award’ from United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, at a ceremony in Delhi. He is among the six winners who got the awar.
- India’s & Asia’s 1st Dolphin Research Centre in Patna
With the population of the endangered Gangetic river dolphin decreasing and its habitat changing, there is finally good news that the much-awaited National Dolphin Research Centre (NDRC), India’s and Asia’s first, would be a reality here soon — with October 5.
- India, Vietnam hold joint drill in Bay of Bengal
The Indian Coast Guard conducted its maiden joint exercise with the Vietnam Coast Guard in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of Chennnai. Aimed at enabling the Coast Guard units of the two countries to acquaint themselves with each other’s capabilities, strengthening the working-level relationship.