Current Affairs This Week (15-10-2017)

    • Embryo transfer technology (ETT)
      ETT is one of the most important reproductive biotechnologies where male and female genetic material can be utilized for faster improvement of livestock. It has revolutionized breeding strategies in Bovines as tool to optimize genetic improvement in cattle.
    • Kazuo Ishiguro selected for 2017 Nobel Prize in Literature
      British author Kazuo Ishiguro, best known for his novel The Remains of the Day, has won the Nobel Literature Prize, the Swedish Academy said.
    • 2017 Nobel Peace Prize
      The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around the globe.
    • Snow leopard photographed for 1st time in Arunachal Pradesh
      Scientists have obtained the first evidence of the elusive snow leopard in Arunachal Pradesh. Camera traps have captured images of the big cat at Thembang village’s Community Conserved Area, in West Kameng district.
    • Gauri Lankesh :First Indian to win Anna Politkovskaya Award.
      Kannada journalist Gauri Lankesh, a strident critic of religious extremism who was shot dead last month, has been awarded a prestigious global award, given in the memory of a slain Russian reporter and political activist.
    • FDA approves first Zika test for blood donations.
      The cobas Zika test, manufactured by Roche Molecular Systems Inc., is intended for use by blood collection establishments to detect Zika virus in blood donations, not for the individual diagnosis of Zika virus infection, the FDA said.
    • 1st Meeting of India-Australia Joint Steering Committee held
      The meeting is a follow-up to the Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime exchanged between the two sides.
    • Bacteria can spread antibiotic resistance through soil:study
      Researchers including one of Indian origin from North Carolina State University in US have found that antibiotic resistance can be passed between bacteria found in the soil.
    • Scientists develop smart bandage for better & faster healing
      The bandage, developed by researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, consists of electrically conductive fibres coated in a gel.
    • First 4D map of human genome folding created
      Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have created the first high-resolution four-dimensional (4D) map of human gene folding, tracking an entire genome as it folds over time.
    • New nanomaterial can create hydrogen fuel from seawater
      In a breakthrough, scientists have developed a new nanomaterial that uses solar energy to generate hydrogen from seawater, producing the low cost and clean-burning fuel more efficiently than existing materials.
    • Richard H.Thaler wins 2017 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.
      US academic Richard Thaler, who helped popularise the idea of “nudging” people towards doing what was best for them, won the 2017 Nobel Economics Prize on Monday for his work on how human nature affects supposedly rational markets.
    • Fridtjof Nansen : Legendary adventurer
      Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.He explored the world’s unknown terrain and broke new ground as an international humanitarian.
    • Air pollution affects children’s memory: Study
      The study published in the journal Environmental Pollution , led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain, assessed the impact of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon during the walking commute to and from school.
    • IIT-K: Antibodies to treat a few genetic diseases
      Inherited genetic diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and nephrogenic diabetes may become treatable if the initial results achieved by a team of researchers led by Prof. Arun Shukla from the Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur.
    • IISc team fabricates nanomaterial to treat Parkinson’s
      A team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru has fabricated a metal oxide nanomaterial that is capable of mimicking all three major cellular antioxidant enzymes, by controlling the level of reactive oxygen species inside cells.
    • Surgical glue seals wounds in 60 seconds!
      Biomedical engineers from the University of Sydney and the United States collaborated on the development of the potentially life-saving surgical glue, called MeTro.This has the ability to be squirted into a wound, seal it in 60 seconds
    • Rare Mahatma Gandhi stamps sold for 500,000 pounds in UK
      A set of four rare stamps which feature the portraits of Mahatma Gandhi has been auctioned for a record-breaking 500,000 British Pounds in UK. This is the highest price ever paid for Indian stamps!
    • First BIMSTEC Disaster Management exercise held in New Delhi
      India’s National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is going to conduct a disaster management exercise next month in New Delhi with BIMSTEC countries, the Home Ministry said.
    • IISER Bhopal employs new strategies to fight breast cancer
      A team of researchers led by Dr. Sanjeev Shukla from the Department of Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal, has been able to reverse aerobic glycolysis by inhibiting DNA methylation or reducing the expression of BORIS (Brother of Regulator of Imprinted Sites) gene.
    • Seaweed energy to save the world than solar or wind energy
      The US Department of Energy is pushing the future of renewable sources on quite an intriguing form of energy. Seaweed can be processed into a bio-fuel that could be used to power our homes and vehicles.
    • India’s first ever goal in FIFA World Cup
      Jeakson Singh scored India’s first ever goal in a FIFA World Cup. The night ended cruelly for India though as Colombia grabbed the winner a minute after Jeakson’s goal.
    • Japan launches fourth satellite for high-precision GPS
      Japan on Tuesday launched a fourth satellite for a new high-precision global positioning system (GPS) it hopes will encourage new businesses and help spur economic growth.
    • India’s first STP under Hybrid Annuity Mode
      India’s first Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) under Hybrid Annuity Mode will come up in Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
    • October 11: International Day of the Girl Child
      International Day of the Girl Child is an international observance day declared by the United Nations; October 11, 2012, was the first Day of the Girl. The observation supports more opportunity for girls and increases awareness of gender inequality.
    • 16 balsam species found in 5 years in Arunachal
      The species was discovered from Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjaw district, one of India’s easternmost. Impatiens walongensis is the latest but not the only new discovery of balsam in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Margaret Thatcher : Britain’s first woman Prime Minister
      Margaret Thatcher (13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) has the distinction of being Europe’s first woman prime minister. Thatcher was also the only British prime minister in the 20th century to win three consecutive terms.
    • October 12 : World Sight Day
      World Sight Day, observed annually on the second Thursday of October, is a global event meant to draw attention on blindness and vision impairment. It was originally initiated by the SightFirstCampaign of Lions Club International Foundation in 2000.
    • Pluto’s neighbour, the exotic Haumea has a ring around it
      Astronomers discovered the first-known ‘egg’ that later became an official dwarf planet, called ‘Haumea’ to have unexpected thin ring-like bands made up of particles and debris, circling around it.
    • Wind energy has the potential to power the world: Study
      Researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science, US have found that higher wind speeds over the open seas could produce five times as much energy as wind turbines over land.

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