Current Affairs This Week (15-10-2017)

    • Embryo transfer technology (ETT)
      ETT is one of the most important reproductive biotechnologies where male and female genetic material can be utilized for faster improvement of livestock. It has revolutionized breeding strategies in Bovines as tool to optimize genetic improvement in cattle.
    • Kazuo Ishiguro selected for 2017 Nobel Prize in Literature
      British author Kazuo Ishiguro, best known for his novel The Remains of the Day, has won the Nobel Literature Prize, the Swedish Academy said.
    • 2017 Nobel Peace Prize
      The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around the globe.
    • Snow leopard photographed for 1st time in Arunachal Pradesh
      Scientists have obtained the first evidence of the elusive snow leopard in Arunachal Pradesh. Camera traps have captured images of the big cat at Thembang village’s Community Conserved Area, in West Kameng district.
    • Gauri Lankesh :First Indian to win Anna Politkovskaya Award.
      Kannada journalist Gauri Lankesh, a strident critic of religious extremism who was shot dead last month, has been awarded a prestigious global award, given in the memory of a slain Russian reporter and political activist.
    • FDA approves first Zika test for blood donations.
      The cobas Zika test, manufactured by Roche Molecular Systems Inc., is intended for use by blood collection establishments to detect Zika virus in blood donations, not for the individual diagnosis of Zika virus infection, the FDA said.
    • 1st Meeting of India-Australia Joint Steering Committee held
      The meeting is a follow-up to the Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime exchanged between the two sides.
    • Bacteria can spread antibiotic resistance through soil:study
      Researchers including one of Indian origin from North Carolina State University in US have found that antibiotic resistance can be passed between bacteria found in the soil.
    • Scientists develop smart bandage for better & faster healing
      The bandage, developed by researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, consists of electrically conductive fibres coated in a gel.
    • First 4D map of human genome folding created
      Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have created the first high-resolution four-dimensional (4D) map of human gene folding, tracking an entire genome as it folds over time.
    • New nanomaterial can create hydrogen fuel from seawater
      In a breakthrough, scientists have developed a new nanomaterial that uses solar energy to generate hydrogen from seawater, producing the low cost and clean-burning fuel more efficiently than existing materials.
    • Richard H.Thaler wins 2017 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.
      US academic Richard Thaler, who helped popularise the idea of “nudging” people towards doing what was best for them, won the 2017 Nobel Economics Prize on Monday for his work on how human nature affects supposedly rational markets.
    • Fridtjof Nansen : Legendary adventurer
      Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.He explored the world’s unknown terrain and broke new ground as an international humanitarian.
    • Air pollution affects children’s memory: Study
      The study published in the journal Environmental Pollution , led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain, assessed the impact of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon during the walking commute to and from school.
    • IIT-K: Antibodies to treat a few genetic diseases
      Inherited genetic diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and nephrogenic diabetes may become treatable if the initial results achieved by a team of researchers led by Prof. Arun Shukla from the Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur.
    • IISc team fabricates nanomaterial to treat Parkinson’s
      A team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru has fabricated a metal oxide nanomaterial that is capable of mimicking all three major cellular antioxidant enzymes, by controlling the level of reactive oxygen species inside cells.
    • Surgical glue seals wounds in 60 seconds!
      Biomedical engineers from the University of Sydney and the United States collaborated on the development of the potentially life-saving surgical glue, called MeTro.This has the ability to be squirted into a wound, seal it in 60 seconds
    • Rare Mahatma Gandhi stamps sold for 500,000 pounds in UK
      A set of four rare stamps which feature the portraits of Mahatma Gandhi has been auctioned for a record-breaking 500,000 British Pounds in UK. This is the highest price ever paid for Indian stamps!
    • First BIMSTEC Disaster Management exercise held in New Delhi
      India’s National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is going to conduct a disaster management exercise next month in New Delhi with BIMSTEC countries, the Home Ministry said.
    • IISER Bhopal employs new strategies to fight breast cancer
      A team of researchers led by Dr. Sanjeev Shukla from the Department of Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal, has been able to reverse aerobic glycolysis by inhibiting DNA methylation or reducing the expression of BORIS (Brother of Regulator of Imprinted Sites) gene.
    • Seaweed energy to save the world than solar or wind energy
      The US Department of Energy is pushing the future of renewable sources on quite an intriguing form of energy. Seaweed can be processed into a bio-fuel that could be used to power our homes and vehicles.
    • India’s first ever goal in FIFA World Cup
      Jeakson Singh scored India’s first ever goal in a FIFA World Cup. The night ended cruelly for India though as Colombia grabbed the winner a minute after Jeakson’s goal.
    • Japan launches fourth satellite for high-precision GPS
      Japan on Tuesday launched a fourth satellite for a new high-precision global positioning system (GPS) it hopes will encourage new businesses and help spur economic growth.
    • India’s first STP under Hybrid Annuity Mode
      India’s first Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) under Hybrid Annuity Mode will come up in Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
    • October 11: International Day of the Girl Child
      International Day of the Girl Child is an international observance day declared by the United Nations; October 11, 2012, was the first Day of the Girl. The observation supports more opportunity for girls and increases awareness of gender inequality.
    • 16 balsam species found in 5 years in Arunachal
      The species was discovered from Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjaw district, one of India’s easternmost. Impatiens walongensis is the latest but not the only new discovery of balsam in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Margaret Thatcher : Britain’s first woman Prime Minister
      Margaret Thatcher (13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) has the distinction of being Europe’s first woman prime minister. Thatcher was also the only British prime minister in the 20th century to win three consecutive terms.
    • October 12 : World Sight Day
      World Sight Day, observed annually on the second Thursday of October, is a global event meant to draw attention on blindness and vision impairment. It was originally initiated by the SightFirstCampaign of Lions Club International Foundation in 2000.
    • Pluto’s neighbour, the exotic Haumea has a ring around it
      Astronomers discovered the first-known ‘egg’ that later became an official dwarf planet, called ‘Haumea’ to have unexpected thin ring-like bands made up of particles and debris, circling around it.
    • Wind energy has the potential to power the world: Study
      Researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science, US have found that higher wind speeds over the open seas could produce five times as much energy as wind turbines over land.
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Current Affairs This Week (08-10-2017)

  • September 28 : World Rabies Day
    World Rabies Day is an international awareness campaign coordinated by the Global Alliance for Rabies Control, a non-profit organization with headquarters in the United States.The 2017 theme is ‘Rabies: Zero by 30’.
  • New species of non-venomous snake discovered
    Scientists have described a new species of non-venomous endemic snake, Aquatic Rhabdops, from the northern Western Ghats.The three-foot-long nocturnal snake hunts for prey underwater.
  • Scientists detect Gravitational waves for fourth time
    Scientists, including Indians working with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), said that they successfully detected on August 14 the fourth gravitational wave, ripples in space and time, from the merger of two massive black holes.
  • Gujarat to be first big state to use EVMs with VVPAT
    Gujarat will be the first big state where the coming Assembly elections will be conducted with Electronic Voting Machine equipped with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail. VVPAT is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballotless voting system.
  • India registers significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate
    According to Sample Registration System, SRS bulletin, India has also recorded a major drop in birth cohort, which has for the first time come down to below 25 million.
  • September 30 : International Translation Day
    International Translation Day is celebrated every year on 30 September on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators. The celebrations have been promoted by FIT (the International Federation of Translators) ever since it was set up in 1953.
  • IIT Roorkee repurposes a drug for chikungunya
    A drug to treat chikungunya virus infection is in the offing, and in vitro studies carried out by a team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee show promise.
  • Laser tech to detect explosives
    Scientists have developed a laser-based method that can accurately identify chemicals such as explosives and dangerous gases, an advance that can be used in airport security and monitoring environmental pollutants.
  • Scientists can now turn any object into a TV remote
    Researchers from Lancaster University in the U.K. said the ‘Matchpoint’ technology, which only requires a simple webcam, works by displaying moving targets that orbit a small circular widget in the corner of the TV screen.
  • 2017 Medicine Nobel Prize for work on biological clocks
    Three Americans won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries about the body’s daily rhythms, opening up whole new fields of research and raising awareness about the importance of getting proper sleep.
  • October 1 : International Day of Older Persons
    The holiday is celebrated by raising awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse. It is also a day to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.
  • India gets first-ever U.S. crude shipment
    India received first ever shipment of US crude oil of 1.6 million barrels, purchased by state-run Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) at Paradip Port in Odisha.
  • Sri Meenakshi Temple adjudged as cleanest iconic place
    The Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple in Madurai has been adjudged the cleanest iconic place in the country under Swachhta Hi Seva (cleanliness is service) programme.
  • Zinc supplements may stave off cancer growth
    Researchers at the University of Texas, Arlington, U.S. discovered that zinc selectively halts the growth of cancer cells but not normal esophageal epithelial cells.
  • October 2 : World Habitat Day
    The World Habitat Day was observed all over the world on 2 October 2017. The purpose of day is to reflect on state of cities and towns and basic human right to adequate shelter. It also aims to remind world of its collective responsibility for habitat of future generations.
  • NIIST team fabricates a wearable antenna
    Researchers at the CSIR-NIIST, Thiruvananthapuram have developed the wearable WiMAX antenna, which is about 3 cm in length and nearly 4 cm in width, is flexible , light weight and operates at around 3.37 GHertz.
  • Mosquito repelling phone launched by LG
    LG has unveiled a smartphone that has a Mosquito Away technology. It uses ultrasonic noise which is inaudible to humans but not to mosquitoes, protecting you from bites while the phone is in your vicinity
  • Dubai starts testing world’s first self-flying taxi
    Dubai has started testing the world’s first self-flying taxi. The self-flying taxi resembles a small, two-seater helicopter cabin topped by a wide hoop studded with 18 propellers.
  • Women Finally Allowed to Drive in Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Arabia has finally lifted the ban on women to drive.Saudi Arabia has finally taken a step that will put it at pace with the rest of the world; it has allowed women to drive!
  • Bhagat Sing : Folk hero of the Indian independence movement.
    Bhagat Singh (28 September 1907 – 23 March 1931)was a charismatic Indian socialist revolutionary whose acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement.
  • India’s first school to run completely on solar energy
    Canadian International School, Bangalore runs 100 per cent on solar energy.The school requires 4,25,000 kW energy in a year. They are producing five lakh kilowatts per year. They are geared to produce 300 kilo watts per hour at peak capacity – peak is 10am to 4pm.
  • Jamia Islamia:1st university to grant UG for Army personnel
    Jamia Milia Islamia has become the first university in the country to introduce undergraduate programmes and post-grapduate programmes for Army personnel.
  • IIT : Professor wins NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Award 2017
    Dr Rajendra Srivastava, associate professor and head, Department of Chemistry, IIT Ropar has been awarded the prestigious NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Award 2017 for his leading contribution in Chemistry.
  • October 2 : International Day of Non-Violence
    The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on October 2, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. This day is referred to in India as Gandhi Jayanti.In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi had taken a proposal for an International Day of Non-Violence from a Hindi teacher in Paris teaching international students to the World Social Forum in Mumbai.
  • New device can turn ambient heat into electricty
    Scientists from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology in South Korea have developed an energy harvesting system that can generate electricity from ambient heat, by simply being attached to clothes, windows, and outer walls of a building.
  • Human hearts form within four days in womb: Study
    Researchers, including those from University of Leeds in the UK, used MRI technology, has found that Major structures of a baby’s heart form within a span of four days in the womb.
  • Cannabis extract may increase cancer risk
    The vapour produced by a cannabis extract contains benzene and other potentially cancer-causing chemicals, a study has found.
  • World’s biggest and powerful nuclear icebreaker ship
    Russia launched Sibir (Siberia), the world’s largest nuclear-powered icebreaker ship built under Project 22220 into the water at the Baltic Shipyard in St Petersburg.
  • 2017 Physics Nobel Prize for discovery gravitational wave
    The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three American Physicists for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves.
  • Sputnik 1 : First artificial satellite to orbit the Earth
    The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses.
  • Philo Farnsworth : Inventor of World’s first TV
    Philo Taylor Farnsworth (August 19,1906 – March 11,1971) was an American inventor and television pioneer. He is perhaps best known for his 1927 invention of the first fully functional all-electronic image pickup device, as well as the first fully functional and complete all-electronic television system.

 

Current Affairs This Week (01-10-2017)

  • September 21 : International Day of Peace
    The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day, is a holiday observed annually on 21 September. It is dedicated to world peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence
  • Hubble Spots Unusual Binary Asteroid in Main Belt

    Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have spotted an unusual object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter: two asteroids orbiting each other and exhibiting comet-like features, including a bright coma and a long tail.
  • India’s first home built submarine handed over to Navy

    The first of a six Scorpene-class submarine, Kalvari, was on 22nd September handed over to the Indian Navy for its commissioning.Kalvari was built indigenously under a venture called Project 75, at Mumbai’s Mazagon Docks.
  • Scientists create world’s first molecular robot

    Scientists at The University of Manchester have created the world’s first ‘molecular robot’ that is capable of performing basic tasks including building other molecules.
  • World’s first handheld mobile phone
    The first handheld mobile phone was demonstrated by John F. Mitchell and Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973, using a handset weighing c. 2 kilograms (4.4 lbs). In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000x was the first commercially available handheld mobile phone.
  • SBI launches India’s first bond index series

    State Bank of India (SBI) has launched the FTSE SBI Bond Index series in partnership with global index provider FTSE 100, which it is hoped will give tools to investors from India to analyse India’s government bond market,
  • A step closer to treating oral cancer without surgery
    Researchers in Mumbai have moved a step closer to treating surface tumours such as oral, breast and cervical cancer and other tumours such melanoma and colon cancer through photothermal ablation using gold-polymer nanoparticles and near infrared light.
  • Dino-killing asteroid’s impact on bird evolution

    Jacob Berv from Cornell University and Daniel Field from University of Bath suggest that the meteor-induced mass extinction (a.k.a. the K-Pg event) led to acceleration in the rate of genetic evolution among its avian survivors.
  • Drug-resistant bacteria emerge from untreated effluents
    The bacteria from these water bodies have been found to produce enzymes such as extended spectrum beta-lactamases and carbapenemases which can protect them from antibiotics such as penicillin, cephalosporins, cephamycins, and carbapenems.
  • IGIB researchers reverse cancer drug resistance
    Researchers at the(CSIR-IGIB), New Delhi have found a way to make cancer cells that are resistant to two commonly used anticancer drugs – doxorubicin and topotecan – to once again become sensitive to the drugs.
  • Nod for GM mustard ‘unlikely soon’

    Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan has indicated that a decision on releasing genetically modified (GM) mustard commercially was unlikely any time soon.
  • IUCN : Snow leopard no longer endangered1

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has downgraded conservation status of snow leopard from “endangered” to “vulnerable”. It was changed after three-year assessment process by international experts.
  • Asima Chatterjee:India’s First Woman Doctorates of Science

    Asima Chatterjee (23 September 1917 – 22 November 2006) was an Indian organic chemist noted for her work in the fields of organic chemistry and phytomedicine.
  • ISRO’s Mars Orbiter Mission completes 3 years in orbit
    ISRO’s globally acclaimed Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also known as Mangalyaan completed three years in Martian orbit. It has outlived its original lifespan and is still in good health and continues to work as expected.
  • Made in India Mahamana Express : Varanasi-Vadodara trai
    This is India’s third Mahamana Express. The first Mahamana Express was unveiled as part of Railways’ Model Rake Project in 2016 running between Varanasi – New Delhi and the other route is from Bhopal-Khajuraho.
  • Gian Cassini : man who discovered the Cassini Division

    Italy-born French astronomer Gian Domenico Cassini discovered the Cassini Division-the gap present between Ring A and Ring B of Saturn. He also discovered four moons of Saturn and was the first person to record zodiacal light.
  • Former Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi takes over as CAG

    Former Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi took over as the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India on 25th September.Mr. Mehrishi, a 1978 batch (retired) Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Rajasthan cadre.
  • CNR Rao : First Asian to be chosen for the Von Hippel Award

    Eminent scientist, Professor C.N.R Rao, has become the first Asian to be chosen for the prestigious Von Hippel Award for his immense contribution in materials research.The award is the US-based Materials Research Society’s (MRS) highest honour.
  • LED lights can damage your eyes

    The study found that exposure to LED lights can cause irreparable harm to the retina of the human eye.Once the retina cells are destroyed by prolonged exposure to LED rays, they cannot be replaced and will not regrow.
  • Mysterious night side of Venus revealed for first time

    Scientists have characterised wind and cloud patterns of the night side of planet Venus for the first time, and found that it behaves very differently from the part facing the Sun.
  • Chemical technology that can clean lake water in a few hours

    A team of scientists at Osmania University led by a botanist C. Venkateshwar claims to posses what it takes to clean up lakes like Hussainsagar at a fraction of the cost of past attempts made by the government.
  • Primate ancestors were nimble acrobats, shows ankle fossil

    Primate ancestors were high-flying acrobats as they mastered the task of leaping through the trees, a 52-million-year-old ankle bone fossil found in France suggests.
  • Worlds largest aircraft passes first engine tests
    A colossal airplane with the worlds largest wingspan – designed to serve as a launching platform for sending rockets into low-Earth orbit – has successfully completed its initial engine tests.
  • Multi-gene test may predict onset of dementia in individuals

    Scientists have combined the effects of over two dozen gene mutations, which individually lead to risk of Alzheimer’s disease, to come up with a new tests that can better predict who all will suffer from dementia or cognitive decline.
  • Eman Ahmed : World’s heaviest woman

    Eman Ahmed, the world’s heaviest woman, passed away in Abu Dhabi’s Burjeel hospital on September 25. She died due to complications from the underlying co-morbid conditions including kidney dysfunction and heart disease.
  • Satish Dhawan:Father of experimental fluid dynamics in India

    Satish Dhawan was considered by the Indian scientific community to be the father of experimental fluid dynamics research in India and was one of the most eminent researchers in the field of turbulence and boundary layers.
  • India third in nuclear power installations: study

    India is third in the world in the number of nuclear reactors being installed, at six, while China is leading at 20, the World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017, released this month, shows.
  • Asteroid-bound NASA spacecraft swings by Earth
    NASA’s asteroid-chasing spacecraft swung by Earth on Friday on its way to a space rock. Launched a year ago, Osiris-Rex passed within 17,237 kilometres of the home planet early Friday afternoon above Antarctica. It used Earth’s gravity as a slingshot to put it on a path toward the asteroid Bennu.
  • V-409 : Indian Coast Guard’s interceptor boat launched

    Indian Coast Guard’s (ICG) new interceptor boat V-409 was launched in Mangaluru, Karnataka by BDIL. The vessel will be inducted into service by mid-October 2017 to give boost to coastal security and national security.
  • India’s first electric bus service launched in Himachal

    In a boost for green transport in Himachal Pradesh, Transport Minister G S Bali on september 22nd flagged off the country’s first electric bus service for Rohtang Pass, a tourist destination near Manali.
  • September 27 : World Tourism Day
    The World Tourism Day (WTD) is being observed every year on 27th September to raise awareness about importance of tourism. Observance of day aims to foster awareness among international community of importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value.

Current Affairs This Week (24-09-2017)

  • September 15 : National Engineer’s Day

    In India, we celebrate National Engineer’s Day on September 15, the birth anniversary of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, who is considered one of the finest engineers of the country.
  • Sept 16 : International Day for Preservation of Ozone layer
    September 16 was designated by the United Nations General Assembly as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. This designation had been made on December 19, 2000, in commemoration of the date, in 1987, on which nations signed the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
  • India’s forex reserve hits $400bn for first time

    India’s forex reserves crossed the $400-billion mark for the first time on 15th september. The latest $100 billion has been added to the reserves in three and a half years after they crossed the $300-billion level on April 2014.
  • P V Sindhu wins 2017 Korea Open title

    India’s Olympic and World silver medallist shuttler P.V. Sindhu exacted sweet revenge of her World Championship heart-break as she defeated Nozomi Okuhara and won women’s singles title at the Korea Open Super Series.
  • World’s 2nd biggest dam inaugurated by PM Modi

    Sardar Sarovar Dam on the river Narmada – world’s second biggest concrete gravity dam after America’s Grand Coulee – has been inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi.
  • Ancient Mars supported liquid water: study

    With the use of high-resolution images and topographic data from cameras on orbiting satellites, Scientists of U.S. identified Mars contains some of the most spectacular and densely packed river deposits.
  • Google launches ‘Tez’ UPI-based payment app in India

    Banking in on the growing digital payment segment in India, US technology giant Google launched its payment app ‘Tez’ (fast in Hindi) on 18th september 2017 in the country.
  • Tribal folk hero Birsa Munda

    Birsa Munda was a freedom fighter, religious leader, and folk hero who belonged to the Munda tribe from Chhotanagpur area
    He is known for leading Munda rebellion towards end of 19th century against British Raj.
  • Multiple vaccines in one

    The time delay doses inside the single vaccine is made possible by encapsulating drugs within tiny particles made of biodegradable polymers
  • Test blood with sound waves
    Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are devising a way to carry out blood biopsies in a non-intrusive way by making use of sound waves.The research focuses on intercepting those messages to help diagnose problems ranging from cancer to fetal abnormalities.
  • Novel DNA nanorobot can pick up, sort molecules

    Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have developed a nanorobot using a single DNA strand that can pick up certain molecules and drop them off in designated locations, paving the way for synthesising novel therapeutic chemicals and drug delivery systems.
  • Thirdhand smoke may damage liver and brain tissues: Study
    Thirdhand-smoke (THS) results when exhaled smoke and smoke emanating from the tip of burning cigarettes gets on surfaces such as clothing, hair, homes, and cars.
    This can cause hyperactivity, liver and lung damage, type 2 diabetes and wound-healing complications in mice.
  • Converting toilet papers to electricity: Is it possible?

    Researchers are examining various permutations and combinations with devices for the gasification of waste toilet paper with high-temperature solid oxide fuel cells which can be directly converted into electricity
  • Zero is 500 years older than we thought : ancient manuscript
    Recent research has revealed that the Indian Sanskrit Bakhshali manuscript notes the zero 500 years earlier than we thought.The Bakhshali manuscript, an ancient Indian text, contains a line of Sanskrit numericals, which includes a dot — a mark which would become the zero after a few centuries.
  • September 18 : World Water Monitoring Day
    World Water Monitoring Day was established in 2003 by America’s Clean Water Foundation as a global educational outreach program that aims to build public awareness and involvement in protecting water resources around the world by empowering citizens to carry out basic monitoring of their local water bodies.
  • Arjan Singh : The first Marshal of Indian Air Force

    Arjan Singh was one of only three men to have been elevated to a five-star rank. The other two were KM Cariappa and Sam Manekshaw, both field marshals of the Indian Army.
  • Samuel Johnson :

    Samuel Johnson was born on September 18, 1709, in Lichfield, Staffordshire, United Kingdom. He is well known for his work: ‘Dictionary of the English Language’.
  • New type of washable solar cell developed
    Scientists have developed a new type of water-proof solar cell which can provide electricity even after being soaked in water or stretched and compressed.
  • ‘Planet 9’ formed closer to home than believed: Study

    Researchers led by the University of Sheffield in the UK found that Planet 9 is unlikely to have been captured from another planetary system, as has previously been suggested.
  • India to host first BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise
    The First “˜BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017” (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) will be conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency from October 10-13, 2017 in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).
  • A “˜Boat Lab” to study Brahmaputra
    The Department of Biotechnology will commission a two-tiered barge that will roughly be the size of two large conference rooms and host scientists and a full-fledged lab that will allow those on board to collect samples from various stretches of the river.
  • Octlantis : Underwater “city” built by octopuses

    Researchers from the University of Illinois in the U.S have discovered Octlantis – an underwater site built entirely by octopuses, where they communicate with each other by posturing, chasing or colour changes.
  • Cranberries fight urinary infections
    Researchers conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis and assessment of human clinical trials and 28 studies on nearly 5,000 patients. They found that overall, the use of cranberry products led to a statistically significant risk reduction in repeat UTIs.
  • ONGC discovers oil in Arabian Sea

    The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has discovered oil near Mumbai High in the Arabian Sea. The new discovery is close to WO-16 field and its facilities may be used to bring the find to production.
  • India’s first war of Independence
    The First War of Independence is a term predominantly used in India to describe the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The event challenged and ended the power and control of British East Indian Company in India to be replaced by nine decades of British colonial rule, known as the British Raj.
  • Stanislav Petrov : who ‘saved the world from nuclear war’

    Stanislav Yevgrafovich Petrov (7 September 1939 – 19 May 2017) lieutenant colonel of the Soviet Air Defence Forces who became known as “man who saved the world from nuclear war” for his role in the 1983 Soviet nuclear false alarm incident.
  • Hubble spots unique binary asteroid with comet-like features

    An unusual object, discovered in the solar system’s asteroid belt, is actually two asteroids orbiting each other, scientists including one of Indian origin have found using the Hubble Space Telescope.
  • India’s Home Made Artillery Gun Makes A World Record

    Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), being jointly developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the private sector has set a new world record in range by hitting targets at a distance of 48 km.
  • Mumbai team discovers how embryos implant in the womb
    Researchers at the National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH) in Mumbai have finally shed light on one of the most important steps in pregnancy – the ability of the embryo to implant itself in the womb.
  • ISRO working on substitute navigation satellite

    Work has begun in Bengaluru to assemble a substitute navigation spacecraft, which became essential after the main backup was lost in a failed launch on August 31, 2017.
  • India, Russia to collaborate on Bangladesh nuclear plant

    India is collaborating with Russia to build the Roppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh, the first initiative under a Indo-Russia deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries.

Current Affairs This Week (17-09-2017)

  • NASA’s Cassini probe makes final approach to Saturn

    NASA’s Cassini spacecraft is on course to its final approach to Saturn, hurling towards the ringed planet at the speed of 113,000 kilometres per hour, to meet the fateful end of its 20-year-long epic journey.
  • Skin bacterium with antimicrobial activity
    A new bacterial strain of Staphylococcus capitis identified by scientists at Delhi’s CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB) has a strong antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus.
  • First global map of water on Moon created

    Scientists have created the first map of water trapped in the uppermost layer of the Moon’s soil — which may prove useful to future lunar explorers — using data from an instrument aboard India’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft.
  • New eco-friendly cement for use in industry

    IIT Madras: A research collaboration between India and Switzerland on a new cement material that can reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the manufacturing process is set to take off into implementation.
  • Computer chips that can smell

    World’s first neurotechnology device developed by Nigerian neuroscientist Mr. Oshiorenoya Agabi his Silicon Valley-based start-up Koniku. The device was unveiled at the TEDGlobal conference in Tanzania
  • Neem-coated urea can bring better paddy output : study
    Application of neem-coated urea by the State’s farmers propelled a higher paddy output and net income in the 2015 kharif season when compared to 2014, when normal urea was used, says a study recently submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture.
  • Scientists make methanol using oxygen

    Researchers from Cardiff University in the U.K. have discovered they can produce methanol from methane through simple catalysis that allows methanol production at low temperatures using oxygen & H2O2
  • Hurricane Irma

    Hurricane Irma is a weakening tropical cyclone that recently made landfall in the U.S. state of Florida as a major hurricane,[nb 1] and was the most intense Atlantic hurricane observed in over a decade.
  • First woman President of Singapore

    Halimah Yacob became the first woman President of Singapore, being the only candidate who met the requirements for the presidential elections.
  • India’s first Hyperloop project

    India’s first Hyperloop project will come up in Andhra Pradesh, connecting its city centres, Vijayawada and Amaravati. Hyperloop Oone, the futuristic tube-based high-speed transportation system.
  • September 8 : International Literacy Day
    September 8 was declared International Literacy Day by UNESCO on November 17, 1965. Its aim is to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies. Celebrations take place in several countries.
  • Indian-made anti-tank guided missile Nag flight

    India on 9th september announced it successfully flight tested indigenously-made Nag anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) against two different targets at firing ranges in Rajasthan.
  • Central Ground Water Board inks MoA with IISc
    Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), which reports to the union ministry of water resources, has inked a memorandum of agreement with Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore for development of ground water flow models and preparation of aquifer management plans for parts of Karnataka.
  • Uninhabited Lakshadweep island vanishes : study

    One of the biodiversity-rich uninhabited islands part of Lakshadweep has vanished due to coastal erosion and another four such territories in the sea are shrinking fast, claims a new study.
  • CSIR’s artificial leaf creates fuel from sunlight, water

    Scientists have developed an artificial leaf that absorbs sunlight to generate hydrogen fuel from water, an advance that may provide clean energy for powering eco-friendly cars in the future.
  • IISc makes it to top 10 global universities ranking

    The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore has become the first Indian educational institution to make it to the top 10 of a global ranking for universities.
  • India’s first bullet train between Ahmedabad and Mumbai

    India’s first bullet train between Ahmedabad and Mumbai will run at a maximum speed of 350 km per hour, covering the 508-km stretch in under three hours.
  • New species of edible fish found in Pampa river, Kerala

    Researchers exploring the waters of the Pampa river in Pathanamthitta have chanced upon a new species of edible freshwater fish that could possibly be farmed on a commercial scale.
  • Dry Jordan launches project to grow crops from seawater

    Jordan, a water-poor country that is 90% desert, has launched a project to turn its sand dunes into farming land to produce food using sun and sea water.
  • India’s First All-Women Crew To Sail For Around-The-Globe

    A team of six naval officers are starting a historic and gruelling around-the-world mission on 10th september — the first circumnavigation of the globe by an all-female crew of the Indian navy.
  • Ultra-thin craft to wrap space debris

    Scientists from U.S.-based Aerospace Corporation, are developing an ultra-thin spacecraft that can remove space debris-which potentially threatens satellites or astronauts-by enveloping junk in the Earth’s orbit.
  • India’s first book village
    A small village bhilar in the centre of the ‘Strawberry Country’ in Maharashtra is all set to become India’s first book village.The subjects of the displayed books will include literature, poetry, religion, women and children, history, environment, folk literature, biographies and autobiographies to festival specials.
  • India gets first state-of-the-art homoeopathy research lab
    India on Tuesday got its first virology laboratory to develop homoeopathy drugs against diseases such as H1N1 (swine flu), dengue, chikungunya etc.This laboratory has been established to develop new drugs and technologies in homoeopathy to combat emerging challenges of viral diseases
  • Government to grant citizenship to Chakmas, Hajong refugees

    The Union Home Ministry will soon grant citizenship to nearly one lakh Chakma and Hajong refugees, who came from erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) five decades ago and are living in northeast.
  • September 14 : National Hindi Divas
    Hindi Divas is an annual day celebrated on 14 September in India. Mostly this celebration is a government sponsored event in Central government of India offices, firms, schools and other institutions. It serves to promote and propagate the Hindi language.
  • INDRA 2017:India-Russia’s first tri-services exercise

    In the first tri-Service wargames, India will hold a major combat exercise with Russia this year to crank up military-to-military ties between the two long-standing strategic partners.
  • Chennai-Vladivostok sea route
    Aiming to put in place a key maritime route connecting India with Northeast Asia and Western Pacific region Delhi is contemplating to put in place a major connectivity initiative’s direct shipping link between Chennai and Vladivostok amid China’s ambitious Maritime Silk Route (MSR) connecting Asia with Africa.
  • Mouse deer reintroduced for first time in Telangana forest

    In a novel and unique initiative attempted anywhere in the country, the TS Forest Department on Tuesday re-introduced the “mouse deer” into the forests of Nallamalla in Amrabad Tiger Reserve.
  • World’s first website
    The first website quoted to be made was a 1990 CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) website, a file uploaded and published to an early version of the World Wide Web.
  • Belfast scientists design flexible organic battery

    The new device would be manufactured with organic composites using “natural feedstock” (biomaterials such as cellulose) rather than expensive metals or semiconductors.
  • Zika virus used to treat aggressive brain cancer

    A harmful virus that can cause devastating brain damage in babies could offer up a surprising new treatment for adult brain cancer, according to US scientists.
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Current Affairs This Week (10-09-2017)

  • IAEA opens world’s first low enriched Uranium bank

    The UN global nuclear watchdog, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has opened world’s first low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank in Oskemen in Kazakhstan.
  • world’s oldest spacewoman returns to Earth

    Astronaut Peggy Whitson returned to Earth late Saturday, wrapping up a record-breaking flight. Whitson’s 665 days off the planet 288 days on this mission alone exceeds that of any other American and any other woman.
  • Novel compounds destroy biofilm-forming bacteria

    Two new molecules capable of destroying bio-film forming bacteria have been developed by scientists at the Bengaluru-based Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR).
  • IIT Guwahati scientists developed oil-repulsive coating

    Inspired by fish scales that exhibit the excellent property of remaining oil-free even when the water is contaminated with oil, scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati have developed oil-repulsive coating.
  • Author Mahabaleshwar Sail gets Saraswati Samman
    The Saraswati Samman is an annual award for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian language listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India.Eminent Konkani writer Mahabaleshwar Sail has been honoured with the Saraswati Samman 2016 for his novel Hawthan. The award comprises a cash prize of Rs 15 lakh and a citation.
  • FDA Approves First Gene Therapy For Leukemia

    The FDA approved Kymriah, which scientists refer to as a “living drug” because it involves using genetically modified immune cells from patients to attack their cancer.
  • India-Switzerland sign two agreements on railways

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi also thanked Switzerland for supporting for India’s MTCR and Nuclear Suppliers Group membership. He said India and Switzerland working on a new bilateral investment treaty.
  • National Nutrition Week: 1 to 7th September
    The National Nutrition Week will be observed throughout the country from 1st to 7th September. The theme of the National Nutrition Week for 2017 is “Optimal Infant & Young Child Feeding Practices: Better Child Health”. The basic objective of this annual event is to intensify awareness generation on the importance of nutrition.
  • XFEL: World’s biggest and powerful X-ray laser gun.

    The world’s most powerful X-ray laser has begun operating at a facility where scientists will attempt to recreate the conditions deep inside the sun and produce film-like sequences of viruses and cells.
  • KAU identifies 12 natural dyes for textiles

    A study by the College of Agriculture (CoA), Vellayani, as part of the Western Ghat Development Programme (WGDP), has identified 12 indigenous plants capable of giving colour to cotton and silk textiles.
  • Air pollution throws shade on India’s solar success

    Air pollution is diminishing India’s capacity to harness power from the sun, experts say, undermining billions being invested in renewables as the energy-hungry giant emerges as a solar superpower.
  • Rajaswa Gyan Sangam 2017 held in New Delhi
    Rajaswa Gyan Sangam is the annual conference of tax administrators. It will mainly focus on revenue officers towards achieving high standards in taxpayer friendly service, in view of fast paced changes in the world economy.
  • Nirmala Sitharaman : India’s 1st woman defence minister

    Nirmala Sitharaman on Sunday became the first woman to become a full-time defence minister of the country as she faced the challenge of speeding up modernisation of the three forces in her new role.
  • Winner of the Pulitzer Prize John Ashbery
    John Lawrence Ashbery (July 28, 1927 – September 3, 2017) was an American poet.[2] He published more than twenty volumes of poetry and won nearly every major American award for poetry, including a Pulitzer Prize in 1976 for his collection Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror.
  • Rajiv Mehrishi is the new Auditor General of India

    Senior IAS officer Rajiv Mehrishi has been appointed as the next Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India.
  • Belgium seal 2018 FIFA World Cup place
    Romelu Lukaku’s goal allowed Belgium to become the first European nation to clinch qualification for the 2018 World Cup on Sunday as much-fancied France were held to an embarrassing goalless draw by Luxembourg.
  • Fantasmagorie, the world’s first fully animated cartoon

    On August 17, 1908, the Gaumont company in Paris released Fantasmagorie, the world’s first fully animated cartoon created by Emile Cohl in the traditional hand-drawn animation style.
  • World’s first philosophical novel on God
    Haulianlal Guite, an IAS officer hailing from North Eastern India, recently published a philosophical novel on God. It’s called Confessions of a Dying mind: The Blind Faith of Atheism and it contains his thoughts in the form of a non-fiction novel about faith, atheism, and matters of god.
  • Saab, Adani join hands for defence manufacturing

    Swedish defence giant Saab and Indian conglomerate Adani group today announced a collaboration in defence manufacturing entailing billions of dollars of investment, mainly eyeing a contract for single- engine fighter jets for the Indian Air Force.
  • Volcanic carbon dioxide drove ancient global warming event
    New research, led by the University of Southampton and involving a team of international scientists, suggests that an extreme global warming event 56 million years ago was driven by massive CO2 emissions from volcanoes, during the formation of the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • Government plans to create FarmerZone
    Government has planned to create FarmerZone – a collective open-source data platform for smart agriculture which will use biological research and data to improve the lives of small and marginal farmers
  • EU, India agrees to enhance counter-terrorism cooperation

    India and the European Union Wednesday agreed to strengthen cooperation between their security and intelligence agencies to combat the threat of terrorism and check terror financing.
  • Ministry of Defence approves first phase of reforms in Army.
    These reforms involve redeployment and restructuring of approximately 57,000 posts of officers, soldiers and civilians in the Army.Closure of Military Farms and Army postal establishments in peace locations.Improving the efficiency of the National Cadet Corps.
  • Breakthrough detects 15 radio bursts from dwarf galaxy

    Indian scientist working with the $100m Breakthrough Listen project looking for extraterrestrials has detected 15 radio bursts coming from a dwarf galaxy about 3 million light years away from earth.
  • TRAPPIST-1 planets likely to have water
    An international team of astronomers used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to estimate whether there might be water on the seven planets orbiting in the nearby TRAPPIST-1 planetary. The results suggest that the outer planets of the system might still harbour substantial amounts of water.
  • ONGC to raise Rs 25,000 cr. to buy Centre’s stake in HPCL

    Cash-rich Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC) will raise its first debt ever, of Rs 25,000 crore, to part fund the Rs 37,000 crore acquisition of government’s stake in Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd. (HPCL).
  • September 5: Teacher’s Day
    Teacher’s Day is celebrated on the 5th of September in India. Teacher’s Day is marked in honour of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was born on September 5, 1888. Dr Radhakrishnan was India’s first vice president and second president. He was a great scholar, philosopher and Bharat Ratna recipient.
  • JLR to unveil Sayer, a smart steering wheel based on AI

    Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) will provide a glimpse of its vision of the future of the luxury car sector in London as it unveils Sayer, a voice-activated, artificially-intelligent steering wheel.
  • Benz Patent Motor Car: The first automobile (1885–1886)

    The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, built in 1885, is widely regarded as the world’s first automobile, a vehicle designed to be propelled by an internal combustion engine. The original cost of the vehicle in 1885 was 150 US dollars.
  • Elena Cornara: First woman to receive a doctorate degree

    Elena Cornaro Piscopia was born June 5, 1646 in Venice, Italy. Her education later made her one of the first women to receive an academic degree and in 1678, she became the first woman in the world to receive a doctorate degree.
  • Scientists find key ‘friendliness’ genes
    A new study shows that friendliness in dogs is associated with the same genes that make some people hyper-social. Scientists found that structural variations in three genes on chromosome 6 are correlated with how much canines socialize with humans.
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